Chloride ions decrease the protective action of so-called anodic inhibitors (K 2 Cr 2 O 7 and NH 2 CH 2 CH 2 OH) whereas sulfate ions interfere with the action of thiourea, a cathodic inhibitor. A compound containing chlorine, (e.g., salts of hydrochloric acid). A compound containing chlorine, at a valence of -1, as in the salts of hydrochloric acid. Generally, chloride will be mixed with a cation, or a positively charged ion, such as sodium, calcium, or potassium in a solution. Chloride ions leave the cell via apical Cl − channels, under the influence of their intracellular–extracellular concentration gradient and the negative intracellular pd. Chlorine, which is a halogen, has 17 protons,17 electrons and 18 neutrons. Smaller quantities, though at higher concentrations, occur in certain inland seas and in subterranean brine wells, such as the Great Salt Lake, Utah and the Dead Sea, Israel. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. Its electron configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6. The chloride ion / ˈ k l ɔːr aɪ d / is the anion (negatively charged ion) Cl −.It is formed when the element chlorine (a halogen) gains an electron or when a compound such as hydrogen chloride is dissolved in water or other polar solvents. A chloride ion is called an anion. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. Chloride Ion is a chlorine anion that forms the negatively charged part of certain salts, including sodium and hydrogen chloride salts, and is an essential electrolyte located in all body fluids responsible for maintaining acid/base balance, transmitting nerve impulses and regulating fluid in and out of cells. Elemental chlorine that gained an electron and thus has a valence of –1; it is an essential electrolyte found in all body fluids, and is critical for maintaining pH, regulating fluids and the electrolyte balance, and digesting food. Segen's Medical Dictionary. As chloride ions are larger in size than fluoride ions, oxide ions and most of cations of the metallic elements, it is difficult for them to migrate easily in solids. The water permeability resistance increased with decreasing, On comparing Figures 10, 11, and 12, it can be seen that the higher the concrete quality is, the more the rate of, Whenever the threshold amount of diffused, Equation (6) allows the solution for D once the, presented an appropriate method to determine, Caption: Figure 4: Final and initial current values of the Memristor's responses reported in Figure 3 for a progressive lowering of, Durability description of plain and fibre resistant concrete and conformist concrete were assess in terms of water absorption, porosity, sorptivity, abrasion resistance, resistance to chemical attack, resistance to alternate wetting and drying and, Rust decreases the cross-sectional area of the reinforced concrete and thus reduces the adhesive power of the steel reinforcements and the cover concrete as the polymer generated by, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Effect of fly ash on freeze-thaw durability of concrete in marine environment, Mechanical Properties and Durability of Latex-Modified Fiber-Reinforced Concrete: A Tunnel Liner Application, The Compressive Strength and Resistivity toward Corrosion Attacks by Chloride Ion of Concrete Containing Type I Cement and Calcium Stearate, Probability-Based Sensitivity of Service Life of Chloride-Attacked Concrete Structures with Multiple Cover Concrete Repairs, Chloride Ingress in Chemically Activated Calcined Clay-Based Cement, Condition Assessment of the Deteriorated Reinforced Concrete Bridge, High Performance Concrete Materials with Applications in Building and Civil Engineering, Emulation with Organic Memristive Devices of Impairment of LTP Mechanism in Neurodegenerative Disease Pathology, Experimental studies of sisal fibre in Portland cement concrete elements on durability, Experimental evaluation of sodium silicate-based nanosilica against chloride effects in offshore concrete, Chloride channel protein, skeletal muscle, chloride diarrhoea, congenital, Finnish type, Chloride Induced Stress Corrosion Cracking. Your IP: Some chloride-containing minerals include halite (sodium chloride NaCl), sylvite (potassium chloride KCl), bischo… Most of the metal chlorides ions are soluble in water. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. No the chloride ion is a chlorine atom that has gained an electron and has a -1 charge. These metals ions can use to identify Chloride ions. Chloride kommen in der Natur in großen Lagerstätten vor, z. You may need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome Web Store. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. The corrosion potential is independent of the chloride concentration but is shifted in the negative direction by sulfate. It atomic weight is 35.453 grams per mole. However, some chloride ion conductors are known although their conductivity is low compared to that of fluoride ion conductors. Aqueous chloride is a solution including chloride ions and water. Chloride salts such as sodium chloride are often very soluble in water. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. B. Natriumchlorid als Steinsalz oder Halit, Kaliumchlorid als Sylvin, Carnallit, Kainit und Sylvinit, Magnesiumchlorid als Bischofit.Der größte Anteil der Chloride kommt gelöst im Meerwasser und in großen unterirdischen Salzlagern vor, die durch das Verdunsten des Wassers urzeitlicher Weltmeere entstanden sind. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. Studies regarding iron corrosion in sulfuric acid media with a pH near 3.0 have found that the concentration of ions can either accelerate or decelerate the rate of corrosion. Most chloride salts are soluble in water, thus, chloride-containing minerals are usually only found in abundance in dry climates or deep underground. 1"s"^2 2"s"^2 2"p"^6 3"s"^2 3"p"^6 OR "[Ne]" 3"s"^2 3"p"^6 The electron configuration of a chlorine atom ("Cl") is as follows: 1"s"^2 2"s"^2 2"p"^6 3"s"^2 3"p"^5 But a chlorine ion ("Cl"^-) has acquired a "(1)-" charge as a result of gaining 1 electron. The chloride ion is given as Cl – and the chlorate ion is given as ClO 3 –.Both are able to undergo oxidation reactions because they can be further oxidized. Some chlorides are sparingly soluble in water and a little number of Chlorides form insoluble precipitates in water. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f8ed45b2e6dea49 If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. Ein Chlorid ist in der Anorganik ein Salz der Chlorwasserstoffsäure, besser bekannt als Salzsäure (chemische Formel: HCl).Ein Chlorid enthält in seinem Ionengitter einfach negativ geladene Chlor(−I)-Ionen Cl − (meist Chloridionen genannt).. Chloride and chlorate are chlorine-containing anions.They carry a negative electrical charge. Despite this, any solution which includes chloride ions mixed into a solute, such as water, can be defined as an aqueous chloride.

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