These words are often translated as sin, iniquity, or transgression. General Editor. The phrase "bear iniquity" is a standing expression for bearing its consequences, i.e. God forgives iniquity, as He does any sort of sin when we genuinely repent (Hebrews 8:12). Continued iniquity leads to irregular desires, which leads to a degenerate mind. Behold, I was brought forth in awon [iniquity] and in chattah [sin]did my mother conceive me. Therefore, we have the phrase "the iniquity of my sin" ( Psalms 32:5 ). Awon, often translated as iniquity, relates more to the inner character and points to an intentional twisting of a given standard. In the Old Testament of the 11 words translated "iniquity," by far the most common and important is `awon (about 215 times). What does visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children and the children's children to the third and the fourth generation mean? Should We Always Be Watchful for Jesus’ Return? The build-up of unrepentant sin is sometimes pictured as a “cup of iniquity” … At morning’s light, they carry it out because it is in their power to do it.” In David’s psalm of repentance, he cries out to God, saying, “Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin” (Psalm 51:2). We see these words in their nuances and also used interchangeably in Psalm 51: Have mercy on me, O God, according to your steadfast love; according to your abundant mercy blot out my pesha [transgressions]. Merriam-Webster provides further context for the meaning of iniquity as used in the following sentence: “The use of illegal narcotics is not only a destroyer of personal health but also an iniquity that undermines our society.”. In David’s psalm of repentance, he cries out to God, saying, “Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin” (Psalm 51:2). Does God See All Sins as Equal to One Another? Romans 1:28-32 describes this deviation in graphic detail. | What Are Iniquities and How Are They Different Than Our Sins? In the Bible, iniquity is a type of sin that includes a conscious decision to hurt someone else or to rebel against God’s law. Matthew 7:23), a word which frequently stood for `awon in the Septuagint; and adikia, literally, "unrighteousness" (e.g. Of special interest in the latter sense are the sufferings of the Servant of Yahweh, who shall "bear the iniquities" of the people (Isaiah 53:11; compare Isaiah 53:6). Compiled & Edited by BST & Crosswalk Staff, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, Bible Dictionaries - Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology - Iniquity, Baker's Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Bible Dictionaries - King James Dictionary - Iniquity, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Iniquity, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. violation of the law or . ( Psalm 141:3-4 ). Genesis 4:13, "My punishment is greater than I can bear"; which is obviously to be preferred to King James Version margin, the Revised Version, margin "Mine iniquity is greater than can be forgiven," for Cain is not so much expressing sorrow for his sin, as complaining of the severity of his punishment; compare 2 Kings 7:9 (the Revised Version (British and American) "punishment," the Revised Version margin "iniquity"); Isaiah 5:18 (where for "iniquity" we might have "punishment of iniquity," as in Leviticus 26:41,43, etc. Rather than repent, Eli’s sons continued in their evils until remorse was no longer possible. wickedness.” It stems from the word anŏmŏs, which refers to not being subject to the law. When we flirt with sin, we fall for the lie that we can control it. Keeping steadfast love for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and the children's children, to the third and the fourth generation.”, And no longer shall each one teach his neighbor and each his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest, declares the Lord. This often pertains to nations who have forsaken God entirely. 1915. Iniquity indicates a conscious decision; to commit iniquity is to proceed without repentance. Set a watch, O LORD, before my mouth; keep the door of my lips. Basically, the three words communicate the same idea: evil and lawlessness, as defined by God (1 John 3:4). God forgives iniquity, as He does any type of sin when we repent (Jeremiah 33:8; Hebrews 8:12). The justified reason for God's punishment is that those children, grandchildren, and great grandchildren hate God and follow their fathers into idolatry. ); `awel and `awlah, literally, "perverseness" (Deuteronomy 32:4; Job 6:29 the King James Version, etc.). Answer: The phrase the mystery of iniquity occurs in the KJV of 2 Thessalonians 2:7, “For the mystery of iniquity doth already work: only he who now letteth will let, until he be taken out of the way.” Other translations render the phrase as “the secret power of lawlessness” (NIV) or “the mystery of lawlessness” (ESV and NASB). Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "evil regarded as that which is not straight or upright, moral distortion." Against you, you only, have I chattah [sinned] and done what is evil in your sight, so that you may be justified in your words and blameless in your judgment. Though, upon closer inspection, each word also bears a somewhat separate meaning. INIQ'UITY, n. ... For a complete Scripture study system, try SwordSearcher Bible Software, which includes the unabridged version of this dictionary. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Etymologically, it is customary to explain it as meaning literally "crookedness," "perverseness," i.e. The growth of shameless sin is sometimes portrayed as a “cup of iniquity” being filled to the brim (Revelation 17:4). Wash me thoroughly from my awon [iniquity], and cleanse me from my chattah [sin]! However, iniquity left unchecked leads to … Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Iniquity can be described as the essence of wrongdoing or evil, while sin is this quality actually enacted in the world. For I know my pasha [transgressions], and my chattah [sin] is always before me. Iniquity and transgression we seldom hear. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. ); Isaiah 40:2 ("iniquity," the Revised Version margin "punishment"). Salem Media Group. The word most often translated as sin is chattah. I said, ‘I will confess my transgressions to the LORD.’” In this one verse, “sin,” “iniquity,” and “transgression” are all mentioned. The soul who sins shall die. From an etymological perspective, scholars relate the Hebrew word עָוֹן (avon) meaning literally "crookedness," "perverseness," i.e. Therefore, we have the phrase "the iniquity of my sin" (Psalms 32:5). "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". However, iniquity left unchecked advances to a point of intentional sin with no fear of God. Orr, James, M.A., D.D. All rights reserved. Why Do We Forget to Hate the Sin and Love the Sinner? its penalty; generally of the sinner bearing the results of his own iniquity (Leviticus 17:16; 20:17,19; Numbers 14:34; Ezekiel 44:10, etc. In the Old Testament, God even established sacrifices for unintentional sins (Numbers 15:27). For usage information, please read the Baker Book House Copyright Statement. Proud member There are three primary Hebrew words which are often used correspondently. The Greek word for iniquity that is used most frequently in the New Testament is anŏmia, which means “illegality, i.e. Bear Iniquity. But they are found in the Bible and all three are very important to understand… and even more important to avoid commiting. In the Old Testament of the 11 words translated "iniquity," by far the most common and important is `awon (about 215 times). Micah 2:1 says, “Woe to those who plan iniquity, to those who plot evil on their beds! ), but sometimes of one bearing the iniquity of another vicariously, and so taking it away (e.g. Bible verses about Iniquity. Pesha, often translated as transgression, is more of a willful rebellion against the given standard. As found in the Bible, “iniquity” is defined as being wicked or immoral in nature or character. Its Meaning and Importance in the Bible. Bibliography Information The Hebrew word used most often for “iniquity” means “guilt worthy of punishment.” Iniquity is sin at its worst. In the New Testament "iniquity" stands for anomia equals properly, "the condition of one without law," "lawlessness" (so translated in 1John 3:4, elsewhere "iniquity," e.g. Etymologically, it is customary to explain it as meaning literally "crookedness," "perverseness," i.e. Sin signifies “to miss the mark.” It can indicate doing something against God or against a person (Exodus 10:16), doing the contrast of what is right (Galatians 5:17), doing something that will have adverse results (Proverbs 24:33–34), and neglecting to do something you know is right (James 4:17). However, iniquity left unchecked leads to a state of willful sin with no fear of God.

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